Addressing the death penalty as a deterrent to capital offences in Nigeria
Samson Ayobami Joshua
Capital offence is a product of criminality in any society, be it developing or advanced society. High criminality ratio, especially the violent crimes lead to high rate of human rights violations, and ultimately resulting in capital convictions. The rate of death penalties arising from violent crimes has reached an alarming level in Nigeria. This primary objective of this article are to address the extent to which death penalty in the Nigeria criminal jurisprudence has curb violent crimes rate, human rights violations and suggests ways to minimize or stop commission of capital offences in Nigeria. This paper approaches the capital offence by doctrinal approach which includes statute books, textbooks, Internet sources, Newspaper publications and journals. The paper finds that the government and societal failures in their responsibilities paved the way for high rate of capital offences in Nigeria. There is the need to bring information regarding violent crimes, capital offences and death penalty in Nigeria to the attention of the international community, so that the Nigerian will take proactive action to stem the tide of death penalty or abolish same. This paper finds, amongst others that despite the death penalty imposed on capital offences, violent crimes have been on the rise. This paper recommends that the Government and other agents of socialisation become partners in progress with the Government in combating capital offences.