International Journal of Law
International Journal of Law
International Journal of Law
Vol. 8, Issue 3 (2022)

Online dispute resolution: An evolutionary step in Indian justice system


Sonu

The Enormous number of pending cases in India is posing problem not only to judiciary but to public at large who are hoping to get justice within an expected time period. The judiciary has come under great stress and is crumbling under its own weight. The scaling of cases in different courts and unjustifiable delay results in various legal and social problems. As per data of PRS Legislative Research, the pendency of cases increased by 2.8% annually in all courts between 2010 to 2020 and the number gets piled up over 4.5 crore cases upto September 15, 2021. The share of pending cases is 20% and 13% between High Courts and Subordinate courts respectively. One thing is important to note here that it was the time when not only India but whole of the world was combating against dreaded corona virus. Thus, on the one side the number of new cases reduced but on the other side the disposal rate became slower as courts were not working in physical mode. During this hard time, the tribunals, fast track courts and family courts have also witnessed high pendency of cases. As per written reply of Law Minister Kiren Rijiju, till March 2022, 4,10,47.976 cases are pending in various district and subordinate courts. The data is strong evidence to prove the reasons for delayed justice system in India. Therefore, evolution of an alternative mechanism for speedy disposal of disputes become unavoidable. Further, the conversion of traditional court mechanism into innovative mechanism have led us to accept and adopt different ADR processes. With passage of time and especially during pandemic the concept of ODR mechanism due to it’s effective familiarization and utilization of technology received a great boost. This article discusses the ODR as an evolutionary step in the Indian justice system.
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How to cite this article:
Sonu. Online dispute resolution: An evolutionary step in Indian justice system. International Journal of Law, Volume 8, Issue 3, 2022, Pages 83-86
International Journal of Law