Freedom of press: Issues and challenges in light of media trial
Freedom of speech and of the press lay at the foundation of all democratic organisations. The press plays an important role in not only mobilizing public opinion but also bringing to light injustices which would have most likely gone unnoticed. The words "Speech and Expression" in Article 19 (1) (a) includes Freedom of Press. Indian judiciary has always added various wings to freedom to press. A survey of the pronouncements of the Supreme Court shows that the Court has turned every attempt of the state to abridge the scope of the guarantee into an opportunity to enlarge its sweep to make the press more potent and effective. Sometimes the media becomes so prejudiced and forgets its own limit and conduct its own trial of a case. The media should also draw a line to avoid tarnishing the reputation of the accused, who is still not proven convict by the court. There should be a balance between freedom of press and rule of law. This paper throws a light on freedom of expression and its various issues and challenges special focus on media trial and its pros and cons.