The role of scientific testimony in the process of investigation of crime in Indonesia
Sri Endah Wahyuningsih, Noor Adi, Muchamad Iksan
The crime scene is the base of the disclosure of a criminal case because at the crime scene there can be found interaction between the perpetrator (suspect), the evidence used and the witness of the crime at the time of the criminal incident. The increasingly diverse modus operandi of crime and increasingly difficult disclosures leads to the need for the help of other disciplines possessed by an expert. The purpose of this study is to analyze the role of expert information in the process of investigation of criminal cases in Indonesia. Approach method with empirical juridical, using primary data obtained by conducting interview with investigator handling criminal case in Polda Jawa Tengah. The results of the practice in handling the crime scene involve teams from elements of Sabhara, detective, Documentation and dactyloscopy, and in some cases involving experts. Expert information is a description given by a person who has specific expertise about what is necessary to make the light of a criminal case for the purposes of examination. The condition of the expert's explanation is that what is explained is everything that falls within the scope of his expertise, and which is explained is closely related to the criminal case being examined. The power of expert information in the proof is free, the judge is not bound and the role of expert information in court is a tool for the judge to discover material truth.
Sri Endah Wahyuningsih, Noor Adi, Muchamad Iksan. The role of scientific testimony in the process of investigation of crime in Indonesia. International Journal of Law, Volume 4, Issue 3, 2018, Pages 97-103