Protection of life and personal liberty under Indian constitution (article 21)
Vikasdeep Singh Kohli
In any organized society, right to live as a human being is not ensured by meeting only the animal needs of man. It is secured only when he is assured of all facilities to develop himself and is freed from restrictions which inhibit hisgrowth. All human rights are designed to achieve this object. Right to live guarantee in any civilized society implies the right to food, water, decent environment, education, medical care and shelter. The word ‘life’ as employed by Article 21 takes in its sweep not only the concept of mere physical existence by also all finer values of life including the right to work and right to livelihood. This right is a fundamental right guaranteed to all persons residing in India, citizens and non-citizens alike. right to life including right to livelihood and work as guaranteed by Article 21 is not reduced to a mere paper platitude but is kept alive, vibrant and pulsating so that the country can effectively march towards the avowed goal of establishment of an egalitarian society as envisaged by the founding fathers while enacting the Constitution of India along with its Preamble.