Gender quotas and women’s political representation in national legislatures of the world
Women are under-represented in politics. Women constitute half of the population of every country but the average percentage of women in national parliament at present is only 21.3 percent, still far from being to their population. This figure reveals that politics is still predominantly a men’s domain, with men making up more than 75 percent of parliamentarians. For getting better women’s representation in political institutions, as from the last couple of decades 90 percent of countries had either established formal national machineries or policy agencies for the advancement of women or less formal governance systems to address gender inequality. Consequently, the most common reforms, ‘Gender Quotas’ now have been adopted by various countries to counter this inequality in public offices. It is the one type of legislation which has been used as a tool by many countries to raise the women’s representation in political institutions. Subsequently, gender quotas has implemented in different countries of the world. Nowadays, it has become a common global trend.