Rights & duties of multimodal transport operator under multimodal transportation act 1993: Analysis
Abhijit Anil More
Multimodal Transport is the combination of different means of transport, to facilitate the movement of cargo, i.e., making it faster and more efficient. The Multimodal Transportation Act 1993, brought a comprehensive legislative framework to regulate the multimodal transport operation for carriage of goods from one place in India to another place outside India and vice-versa. The Act provides direct provisions to define, extent and limitations of rights and liabilities of parties to contract of carriage of goods under the Multimodal Transport Contract. Until the advent of containerization of cargo, the shipper was required to enter in new shipment contract with a new carrier each time the mode of transport changes to determine the entitlement and obligations of the parties. But the advent of new law made the process of entering into agreement easier by avoiding multiplicity of agreements with different transporters and the applicability of various legal regimes. The MMTG Act brought a single-window solution towards the relationship of parties to the contract of carriage of goods. This paper aims to describe, analyze and visualize the discrepancies between the spirit of the law and the real-life experiences of the parties while entering and executing their part in Multimodal Transport Contract.