Vol. 6, Issue 5 (2020)
The impact of terrorism and counter-terrorism on education in the Far North Region of Cameroon
Author(s): Mofor Nangkeang Kingsly Nkeomboh, Wilson NY Tamfuh
Abstract: Deathly threats perpetrated by the Nigeria-based extremist group Boko Haram extended into the Far North region of Cameroon, leading to several attacks on students, schools, and teachers, not living out military occupation of schools. Hundreds of schools have been closed due to insecurity. Islamist group known as Boko Haram in the Far North region of Cameroon have sought to remove students and pupils from enjoying their rights to education. This paper also aims at showing the impact of terrorism and counter-terrorism on the right to education. The questions of this study are: (1) what is the right to education all about? (2) What are the obligations of state and non-state actors in preserving the right to education in the Far North region of Cameroon? (3)What are the effects of terrorism and counter-terrorism on the right to education in the Far North region of Cameroon? This paper uses data from research conducted in the Far North region by the researcher, Amnesty International, the Norwegian Refugee Council and the Global Terrorism Database to examine the impact of Boko Haram’s terror campaign in the Far North region of Cameroon on education. Based on interview reports and questionnaires, we observed that low level of exposure to terrorism had little or no effect on school attendance. Meanwhile, high levels of exposure to terrorism reduced school attendance in the Far North region especially among boys. Although Boko Haram terrorist group prefer students to attend Quranic schools rather than secular schools, we found no evidence that this led to increase in school attendance coupled with the fact that some of the schools are now used as military camps to counter-terrorists.