Vol. 6, Issue 3 (2020)
Application of deductive reasoning for determining relevancy of facts a new perspective of an old issue
Author(s): Amartya Srivastava
Abstract: The use of logic and reason has always been a topic of debate in the realm of evidence law. The paper dwells into the use of logic in the form of deductive reasoning to determine the relevancy of facts. It focuses on the feasibility of its application to facts which are causes and effects of a fact in issue or a relevant fact, and how that affects the relevancy of those causal and effectual facts. In order to decide on the question of its use in evidence law, a contrast is drawn to inductive reasoning along with the study of secondary sources. A study of S. 7 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 to find the applicability of deductive reasoning to facts that are causal or effectual with respect to another relevant fact or fact in issue. The same is also done with the use of expert evidence under S. 45 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872. Lastly, the paper seeks to identify whatever pitfalls exist in this particular hypothesis. This paper tries to find out whether it is wise and enough to use deductive reasoning to find the relevancy. It also tries to find out whether this approach is safe so as to not hurt the end goal of justice.