An overview on implementation of annex V-MARPOL 73/78 in Vietnam
Nguyen Van Truong
In order to carry out dual task, including economic development and marine environment protection, Vietnam not only actively involved in important International Conventions in this field, but also attempts to review and improve the laws on marine environmental protection. At present, Vietnam is an active member of United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 (UNCLOS 1982). It is important to mention that the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 (MARPOL 73/78) is an important International Convention that directly regulates the protection of the marine environment from the bad effect of pollutants from ships. Nevertheless, Vietnam has participated in mandatory Annexes I and II since 1991, and joined other voluntary Annexes since 2014due to the increase in the number of inspections and detentions of Vietnam ships at foreign ports, and the escalation of environmental pollution caused by garbage, wastewater, oil, etc from ships. Therefore, this article focuses on the implementation of Annex V MARPOL 73/78 in the past few years in Vietnam. From the result of analysis and evaluation, solutions for problems in implementation are recommended.