The rights of an accused are basically part of human rights. “every human being, in every society, is entitled to have basic autonomy and freedoms respected basic needs satisfied”. Literary they are rights of humans. The concept of conferring right upon and accused person is in intrinsically linked with the genesis and evolution of human right movement. In ancient times, the absence of formal criminal justice apparatus, the accused was deemed as a sinner. crime was equated with “sin” –transgression against god’s will consequently, a crime looked upon as a sinner could not claim any right of himself. Though the medieval era witnessed striking reforms in the rules in terms of the accused’s right to self defense, a new meaning was accorded to the human rights perspective in the administration of criminal justice with the establishment of the universal declaration of human rights in 1948.the defence of the right of the accused and convicted prisoner came to be recognized as the legitimate objective of international and national communities.