Vol. 4, Issue 2 (2018)
Need for United Nations reform to establish international peace and security
Author(s): Dr. Renu Saini
Abstract: The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental universal organization or gathering of sovereign states tainted in the closing days of the Second World War. UN with its specialized agencies deals with an amazing array of issues and areas that encompass virtually every facet to human life and every aspect of human endeavour. Its charter was adopted and signed on 26th June 1945 by 51 founding members. It is, "Child of War". United Nations is intractably linked to almost every aspect of human activity. It offers a wide range of services through its various entities. UNICEF, WHO and other agencies provide help to deliver health services, regulate standards of water and sanitation, vaccinate children and take measures to control epidemics and disease. In essence, United Nations has touched the lives of millions through the support work of its agencies. Reforming the United Nation calls for a number of reforms in its structures, institution, mindsets and attitudes. The organization must reflect the existing realities, which call for drastic reform. The United Nation desperately needs reform. These reforms include General Assembly Reform, Security Council Reform, Economic and Social Council Reform, Secretariat Reform, Democracy Reform, Financial Reform and Peace keeping Reforms. Development is not the first thought of those considering UN reform, but this field offers great opportunities for improved efficiency and coordination which can help elevate UN and its system of agencies to the status of effective and respected organizations as expected by their founders.