Vol. 4, Issue 2 (2018)
Author(s): Sheshadri Chatterjee
Abstract: Data protection law across the globe, irrespective of their economic evolution however based on appreciation for right to privacy protects personal information (PI) of their citizen/resident. PD simply defined as all data/information relating to individuals (not legal entities) who are or can be identified from that very information and who are susceptible to adverse consequences from its use. Personal data may, however, be subject to less stringent controls than normal in fields such as: state security, defense and the investigation and prevention of criminal activities. This included in a private individual’s files for purposes such as use in a diary or schedule, may also be exempted. A higher level of protection is accorded to sensitive information. This includes personal data revealing political or trade union membership, religious beliefs and information concerning a person’s health, sex life or ethnic origin. With today's technologies, it is easier for organizations to collect, copy and transfer personal data around the world. At the same time, the introduction of a wide range of privacy and security laws in several jurisdictions around the world impose complex and often inconsistent privacy and data protection standards. These inconsistencies in different jurisdictions often impact the way the organizations can, practically, comply with these privacy and security laws. This paper is providing a comparative analysis of data protection policy and privacy that are applicable in different countries.